Carbon capture and Storage as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland*
Final report "How to efficiently implement CCS in Poland? Polish CCS Strategy"
Agata Hinc (ed.)
The authors of the report on “How to efficiently implement CCS in Poland? Polish CCS Strategy” argue that efficient implementation of CCS technology in Poland can deliver long-term reputational and financial advantages to the country. CCS has the potential to not only enhance the capabilities and standing of Polish R&D and scientific centres, but to also help Poland find its place in the global market. However, a comprehensive plan for the development and roll-out of CCS technology is required. Poland needs a strategic decision at a governmental level to embrace CCS technology as a key tool of Polish energy and climate policy.
Report "How to efficiently implement CCS in Poland? R&D and framework for a CCS cluster."
The European Union is finding itself being forced to build up its position and its competitive advantages on the basis of a new model of the global economy, in which new sectors that rely on innovative technologies are a key element of economic growth. This assumption is a pre-requisite for the EU’s security in many areas, but it is no coincidence that energy security has become a priority issue over recent years. Europe will have to look to innovativeness in the energy sector. Some EU Member States have already chosen their areas of specialisation. Poland has a unique opportunity to join this observed trend and become a leader in CCS. Whether through specialisation in CCS Poland is able to become one of the driving forces strengthening the EU’s position in the world and increasing its energy security will depend on how the existing research and development potential is to be used. Read more…
Report "How to efficiently implement CCS in Poland? Financial framework"
Edited by Agata Hinc
The report argues that we stand at the threshold of a transformation to a global economy, an economy that will meet the social, economic and political challenges which have been identified as the main threats to the global order in the 21st century. Its elements will make us re-think and re-establish the way we produce and distribute energy and new solutions will have to be found to ensure both sustainable development and greenhouse gas emissions reduction. As it is possible to imagine substantial CO2 emissions reduction without nuclear energy, it is also impossible to do so without Carbon Capture and Storage. Economic analysis shows that successful rollout of this technology will require active support from governments and international organizations. The success of CCS will not be defined by its reception from the market, but rather through political will and government policies. In the short term, the financing of CCS will also require government intervention. We should not underestimate the costs of those decisions, but we should not let the costs determine the direction of energy and climate policy. Read more...
Report "How to efficiently implement CCS in Poland? Political and legal frameworks"
In the coming decades the world will still depend on fossil fuels. This is why, in order to quickly reduce CO2 emissions, we will have to make use of clean coal technologies. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) will have a key role to play here. In the opinion of the International Energy Agency, CCS can in the long run bring up to a 100% reduction of the CO2 produced during the coal burning process in power plants. The report puts forward several reccommendations for a safe and efficient implementation of CCS in Poland. Read more...
Conference "Goal: Poland - leader in the field of CCS. How to achieve it?"
On 23 March, 2011 demosEUROPA - Centre for European Strategy, in cooperation with the Global CCS Institute and the Australian Embassy in Poland, organized a conference: “Goal: Poland - leader in the field of CCS. How to achieve it?” The meeting was opened by Krzysztof Blusz, Vice President of demosEUROPA, who paid special attention to the recently announced EU scenarios for a low carbon economy in the European Union (including the 2050 Road Map) and the role of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in these plans. The EU scenarios illustrate a continuous significant share of coal in electricity production in Europe, particularly in Poland, where, at the moment, more than 90 per cent of electricity is produced from this source. Due to this predicament, in order for Poland to meet the energy and climate requirements of the European Union, it will have to the use of clean coal technologies. President Blusz stressed that although the discussion on the subject of CCS is controversial, we will not be able to take important steps which will allow us to transition to low carbon paths without it. Read more...
Conference "Goal: Poland – leader in the field of CCS. Step three: research and development potential"
On 28 September 2010 demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy with the support of the British Embassy in Poland organised a conference entitled “Goal: Poland – leader in the field of CCS. Step three: research and development potential”. The aim of the conference was to present and to discuss the potential contribution of the Polish R&D sector to the development of CCS technology. The third report on CCS entitled “How to efficiently implement CCS in Poland? R&D and framework for a CCS cluster” had been presented during the conference.
5th seminar: CCS as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland
The fifth seminar of demosEUROPA series “Carbon Capture and Storage as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland” took place on 14 September 2010 in Warsaw. It was confined to the necessity of launching the information campaign as far as the implementation of technology of Carbon Capture and Storage in Poland is concerned.
4th seminar: CCS as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland
The fourth seminar from demosEUROPA series “Carbon Capture and Storage as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland” took place on 29 June 2010 in Warsaw and was concerned with the potential for research and development of CCS technology in Poland. The Chief State Geologist, Minister Henryk Jacek Jezierski, who stressed the importance of cooperation between the government, public administration, private sector and NGOs in order to complete CCS demonstration projects in Poland, opened the meeting. The Minister also announced the creation of Scientific Science and Industry Consortium “GeoCO2”, whose aim will be to develop and submit their joint offer for implementation of the geological project to study the absorptivity of sandstone water bearing formations including their deep and surface monitoring, and to implement the project, once the consortium's offer is selected and approved.
Conference "Goal: Poland – leader in the field of CCS. Step two: financial framework"
On 30 March 2010 demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy and the British Embassy, with the support of Vattenfall Poland, hosted a conference entitled: “Goal: Poland – leader in the field of CCS. Step two: financial framework." The aim of the conference was to present and discuss the potential models and financial mechanisms associated with the implementation of Carbon Capture and Storage technology in Poland. During the conference, the second demosEUROPA’s report on CCS, published in the framework of the project “Carbon Capture and Storage as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland” was presented. The report entitled „How to successfully implement CCS in Poland? Financial framework” was written in cooperation with the Institute for Structural Research.
3rd seminar: CCS as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland
“CCS is the only known technology which allows both - a continuous coal-based energy production and substantial CO2 emissions reduction”- underlined professor Dieter Helm (British economist specialising in energy and climate policy, Professor at Oxford University, former adviser to Prime Minister Tony Blair and currently member of the group of external advisers to the Polish Presidency in the Council of the European Union) during a seminar on financial frameworks for CCS implementation in Poland which took place on 25 March 2010 in Warsaw. The meeting was held within the framework of a larger project entitled “CCS as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland” which is carried out by demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy and supported by the British FCO.
Conference "Goal: Poland – leader in the field of CCS. Step one: political and legal frameworks"
CCS has the potential to become a “Polish Nokia” – said Minister Henryk Jacek Jezierski during the conference on carbon capture and storage (CCS), organized in Warsaw by demosEUROPA and the British Embassy to Poland on 13 January 2010. The event served as a platform for discussion about vital issues related to the implementation of the CCS technology in Poland. The questions raised included the importance of CCS in the Polish Energy Policy until 2030 and the progress in the preparation of the Polish CCS law. Agata Hinc presented her report on “How to efficiently implement CCS in Poland?”. During CCS roundtable, we discussed European experiences on CCS implementation and deployment with experts from Norway, Germany and Poland.
Conference "Carbon dioxide capture and storage. Australian, Polish and global perspectives."
The Global CCS Institute (GCCSI) has identified 275 CCS facilities worldwide. Thirty-four have already been completed. The construction of 26 has been suspended or delayed. Two facilities were cancelled. Out of the remaining 213 active or planned investments, 101 will operate on a commercial scale, of which 62 will be fully integrated. It is noted, however, that no fully integrated commercial CCS coal-based power plant currently operates anywhere in the world.
On November 13, 2009, the Australian Embassy in Poland, in cooperation with demosEUROPA Centre for European Strategy, organised an international conference on carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies and related Australia’s and Poland’s experience.
2nd seminar: CCS as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland - political and legal frameworks
The Ministry of the Environment prepared the principles of amendments to the geological and mining regulations currently in force, being the transposition of the EU CCS Directive. The principles do not go beyond the scope of the Directive; therefore, they touch upon issues directly or indirectly related to CO2 storage in geological structures. On November 6, 2009, the Ministry initiated public consultations of the principles. The meeting organised by demosEUROPA Centre for European Strategy on November 17, 2009 aimed to discuss the proposals of the Ministry of the Environment and recommendations prepared by demosEUROPA within the project “Carbon capture and Storage as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland” operated with support from the British Strategic Programme Fund.
Conference "Institutional and Financial Framework for Carbon Capture and Storage"
On 7 October 2009 demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy and Royal Norwegian Embassy in Warsaw with a support of Vattenfall organised a conference entitled “Institutional and Financial Framework for Carbon Capture and Storage”.
The event was opened by PaweĹ‚ Ĺšwieboda, President of demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy and Enok Nygaard, Ambassador, Ambassador of Norway to Poland, who underscored the importance of implementation of CCS technology as well as its regional and global deployment in relation to European emissions reduction goals.
1st seminar: CCS as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland
On 26 August 2009 took place the first meeting within the framework of a project entitled “Carbon Capture and Storage as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland” run by demosEUROPA with the support of UK Strategic Programme Fund Low Carbon – High Growth. We had a pleasure to discuss with representatives of three ministries (the Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of the Environment and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education) as well as with representatives of the industry. Topics discussed included major challenges of the political, legal and institutional frameworks for the implementation of CCS technology in Poland. Mr PaweĹ‚ Ĺšwieboda, president of demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy opened the meeting with a presentation of achievements of different countries around the world, who are most advanced when it comes to the implementation of needed legislation.
Conference "CCS and other clean coal technologies – Poland’s prospective trade-mark?"
On 10 February 2009 demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy, British Embassy and Vattenfall Poland in cooperation with Embassy of Sweden, organised a conference “CCS and other clean coal technologies – Poland’s prospective trade-mark?” followed by a seminar “Biomass and Waste to Energy – Climate Neutral Energy Sources for Poland!”. The two parts were linked by speeches of the Polish Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak and the Swedish Prime Minister Maud Olofsson. The debate was held within the framework of demosEUROPA’s project entitled “Can green make money? Prospects for competitiveness-friendly climate policy”.
*From 1 October 2010 project is realised with the support of the Global CCS Institute (GCCSI).
* From 1 June 2009 to 30 September 2010 this project is part of the Strategic Programme Fund Low Carbon - High Growth financed by the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The objective of this programme is to promote low-carbon economy while maintaining high economic growth.